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Virtualization: Virtualbox command line options and control


Controlling the VirtualBox VM

Now that we have VirtualBox installed and a VM guest created we need to control and modify the VM

How to List VM information

How to show the VirtualBox VM info

vmadmin$ VBoxManage showvminfo <vmname>

How to show the VM Harddrive info

vmadmin$ VBoxManage showhdinfo <filename>

How to list running VM

vmadmin$ VBoxManage list runningvms

How to list available VM

vmadmin$ VBoxManage list vms

How to list available VM Harddrives

vmadmin$ VBoxManage list hdds

How to list available ISO’s

vmadmin$ VBoxManage list dvds

How to Control VM

How to Start VM

nohup and & to place process in background, so VM continues to run after closing console.

vmadmin$ nohup VBoxHeadless –startvm <vmname> &

How to pause VM

vmadmin$ VBoxManage controlvm <vmname> pause

How to resume VM

vmadmin$ VBoxManage controlvm <vmname> resume

How to reset VM

vmadmin$ VBoxManage controlvm <vmname> reset

How to poweroff VM (hard poweroff eg. pull the plug)

vmadmin$ VBoxManage controlvm <vmname> poweroff

How to poweroff VM (Save State)

vmadmin$ VBoxManage controlvm <vmname> savestate

How to send poweroff single to VM (tells VM OS to shutdown)

vmadmin$ VBoxManage controlvm <vmname> acpipowerbutton

* Be certain to set your power options inside of your guest OS to respond to the power button.

How to attach a DVD / CD to a running vm

vmadmin$ VBoxManage controlvm <vmname> dvdattach <filename>

How to de-attach a DVD / CD from a running vm

vmadmin$ VBoxManage controlvm <vmname> dvdattach none

By: Fabio Milano, additions by Tim Conrad