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Linux: Manage Time in Ubuntu Through Command Line


View Time

To view the current date and time, the following command will be enough

date
Set Time

To change time means to set a new time. To set time in Ubuntu (or any Linux), just run the following command

sudo date newdatetimestring

where newdatetimestring has to follow the format nnddhhmmyyyy.ss which is described below

nn is a two digit month, between 01 to 12
dd is a two digit day, between 01 and 31, with the regular rules for days according to month and year applying
hh is two digit hour, using the 24-hour period so it is between 00 and 23
mm is two digit minute, between 00 and 59
yyyy is the year; it can be two digit or four digit: your choice. I prefer to use four digit years whenever I can for better clarity and less confusion
ss is two digit seconds. Notice the period ‘.’ before the ss.

Let’s say you want to set your computer’s new time to November 25, 2013, 21:40:55, then you would use:

sudo date 112521402013.55

It couldn’t be any easier, could it? The source of this information was a good post on Ubuntu Forums (Set time/date via command line).
Change Time Zone

You may update or change your time zone by

tzconfig
dpkg-reconfigure tzdata (thanks to Mario, see comment below)

This command will guide you through the process of setting a new time zone. You may also choose UTC (GMT) if you want.

If your system does not have tzconfig, you may use something else.

tzselect

If your system does not have tzdata, install it as below:

sudo aptitude install tzdata

This will provide a set of different time zones to choose. If you would like to set the time to UTC, choose the option which says something like ‘none of the above’, or ‘none of these’ or something to this effect. In my case it was option 11. Then it asks for difference from UTC (GMT and GST is also the same thing). I chose GST-0 as the option and it set the time as UTC.
Sync Clock Via NTP

If you want to sync your clock with NTP servers, it is also very easy. Just make sure you have the file ntp.conf file in /etc. How can you check it?

ls /etc/ntp.conf

If you see /etc/ntp.conf as a result, you already have that file. If the ls command gives an error, you do not have it. If so, you may create it yourself.

sudo vim /etc/ntp.conf

This file will be used to automatic synchronization of the clock. I do not know if the client uses this file automatically or one has to configure something first.  You need to install ntpd in order to make use of this ntp.conf file.

Whether you have the file already or not, make sure it has at least the following data

driftfile /var/lib/ntp/ntp.drift
server 0.pool.ntp.org
server 1.pool.ntp.org
server 2.pool.ntp.org
server pool.ntp.org

Here you may replace, add, and/or remove any servers you wish. You will find a list of time servers from the public NTP time server list.

You may manually sync the clock using the following

sudo ntpdate servername

where servername can be any public or private time server. You may always choose the following without hesitation

sudo ntpdate pool.ntp.org

If you don’t have ntpdate installed, you can install it via:

sudo aptitude install ntpdate

By: HS